Map of the Distribution of Slaves in 1860

Interesting map here, based on the 1860 Census, showing slave distribution in the Old South.

You can see how uneven it was, and not a monolithic bloc, as we tend to think of it nowadays.

If you look closely, you will see there is no state of West Virginia, which was carved out of the northwestern corner of Virginia where almost no slave population is shown.  That area of Virginia ultimately voted to secede from the state of Virginia, due to Virginia’s vote to secede from the Union.

The new group of counties decided to call themselves the state of Kanawha, and applied to the Union for statehood.  In 1862, Lincoln and Congress granted their request, but by that time, the counties had changed their mind and shifted to West Virginia as their name of choice, unfortunately depriving us of a pretty neat name.

Look it over!

bigslaverymap

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